Even if these resources are present, they are likely to be disorganized, unreliable, and poorly maintained. Shanty towns also tend to lack basic services present in more formally organized settlements, including policing, mail delivery, medical services, and fire fighting. Fires are a particular danger for shanty towns not only for the lack of fire fighting stations and the difficulty fire trucks have traversing the settlement in the absence of formal street grids,  but also because of the high density of buildings and flammability of materials used in construction.
Shanty towns have high rates of crime , suicide , drug use , and disease. They have maximum density—a million people per square mile in Mumbai —and minimum energy and material use.
People get around by foot, bicycle, rickshaw, or the universal shared taxi Not everything is efficient in the slums, though. In the Brazilian favelas where electricity is stolen and therefore free, Jan Chipchase from Nokia found that people leave their lights on all day. In most slums recycling is literally a way of life.
Shanty is probably from Canadian French chantier , a winter station established for the organization of lumberjacks. Hutment means an "encampment of huts". When the term is used by the military, it means "temporary living quarters specially built by the army for soldiers". While most shanty towns begin as precarious establishments haphazardly thrown together without basic social and civil services, over time, some have undergone a certain amount of development. Often the residents themselves are responsible for the major improvements. Chameh is, one of Lima's largest, along with gated communities , casinos , and even plastic surgery clinics, are just a few of many developments that have transformed what used to be a decrepit shanty.
Nevertheless, there has been a general trend whereby shanties undergo gradual improvements, rather than relocation to even more distant parts of a metropolis and replacement by gated communities constructed over their ruins. Although shanty towns are less common in developed countries , there are some cities that have them. While shanty towns are less common in Europe, the growing influx of immigrants have fueled shantytowns in cities commonly used as a point of entry into the EU, including Athens and Patras in Greece.
Most of them are located in Lisbon metropolitan area. There were nearly a score of mounted men, but only one lady besidesEtheldene, a squatter's bold sister. The dogs were a sight to look at.
The icicles hung long and strong from the eaves; one side of the hut was entirely overblown with drift, and the door in the other looked more like the entrance to some cave in Greenland north. The keeper was not groom, but he was the tallest man about, and Archie thought he would want a leg up. Only one thing keeps me here. It is the problem that attends every ethical interpretation of sovereignty, and it awakened acute concern in Cooper's mind. Going upstairs becomes monotonous after a time.
They would have puzzled someEnglishmen what to make of them. Partly greyhounds, but larger,sturdier, and stronger, as if they had received at one time a cross ofmastiff. They looked eminently fit, however, and were with difficultykept back.
Every now and then a distant shout was heard, and at suchtimes the hounds seemed burning to be off. But soon the kangaroos themselves began to appear thick and fast. Theycame from one part or another in little groups, meeting and hoppingabout in wonder and fright. They seemed only looking for a means ofescape; and at times, as a few rushing from one direction met others,they appeared to consult. Many stood high up, as if on tiptoe, gazingeagerly around, with a curious mixture of bewilderment and frightdisplayed on their simple but gentle faces.
They got small time to think now, however, for men and dogs were onthem, and the flight and the murder commenced with a vengeance. Therewere black fellows there, who appeared to spring suddenly from theearth, spear-armed, to deal terrible destruction right and left amongthe innocent animals. And black women too, who seemed to revel in thebloody sight. If the whites were excited and thirsty for carnage, thoseaborigines were doubly so.
Meanwhile the men had dismounted, Archie and Harry among the rest, andwere firing away as quickly as possible.
There is one thing to be saidin favour of the gunners; they took good aim, and there was littleafter-motion in the body of the kangaroo in which a bullet had found abillet. The scene was altogether noisy, wild, and confusing. The blacksgloated in the bloodshed, and Archie did not love them any the more forit.
It was the first time he had seen those fellows using their spears,and he could guess from the way they handled or hurled them that theywould be pretty dangerous enemies to meet face to face in the plain orscrub. She was sitting on her saddle, looking as steady and demure as anequestrian statue. The sunshine was so finding that they did not atfirst notice her in the shade there until they were close upon her.
No, that is not what I came for. Not he. Hewas well content to live on the little estate, as his father had donebefore him, so long as things paid their way; so long as plenty of sleekbeasts were seen in the fields in summer, or wading knee-deep in thestraw-yard in winter; so long as pigs, and poultry, and feather stock ofevery conceivable sort, made plenty of noise about the farm-steading,and there was plenty of human life about, the old Squire had beencontent.
And why shouldn't he have been? What does a North-countryfarmer need, or what has he any right to long for, if his larder andcoffers are both well filled, and he can have a day on the stubble ormoor, and ride to the hounds when the crops are in? But his nephew was more ambitious. The truth is he came from the South,and brought with him what the honest farmer folks of the Northumbrianborders call a deal of new-fangled notions.
He had come from the Southhimself, and he had not been a year in the place before he went back,and in due time returned to Burley Old Farm with a bonnie young bride. Of course there were people in the neighbourhood who did not hesitate tosay, that the Squire might have married nearer home, and that there wasno accounting for taste.
For all this and all that, both the Squire andhis wife were not long in making themselves universal favourites allround the countryside; for they went everywhere, and did everything; andthe neighbours were all welcome to call at Burley when they liked, andhad to call when Mrs Broadbent issued invitations.
Well, the Squire's dinners were truly excellent, and when afterwards themen folk joined the ladies in the big drawing-room, the evenings flewaway so quickly that, as carriage time came, nobody could ever believeit was anything like so late. The question of what the Squire had been previously to his coming toBurley was sometimes asked by comparative strangers, but as nobody couldor cared to answer explicitly, it was let drop.
Something in the South,in or about London, or Deal, or Dover, but what did it matter? A gentleman the Squire undoubtedly was, though not quite the type ofbuild, either in body or mind, of the tall, bony, and burly men of theNorth--men descended from a race of ever-unconquered soldiers, andprobably more akin to the Scotch than the English. Sitting here in the green parlour to-night, with the firelight playingon his smiling face as he talked to or teased his eldest boy, SquireBroadbent was seen to advantage.
Not big in body, and rather round thanangular, inclining even to the portly, with a frank, rosy face and abold blue eye, you could not have been in his company ten minuteswithout feeling sorry you had not known him all his life. Amiability was the chief characteristic of Mrs Broadbent. She was arefined and genuine English lady. There is little more to say afterthat. But what about the Squire's new-fangled notions? Well, they were reallywhat they call "fads" now-a-days, or, taken collectively, they were onegigantic fad.
Although he had never been in the agricultural interestbefore he became Squire, even while in city chambers theoretical farminghad been his pet study, and he made no secret of it to his fellow-men. Mind," he would add, "he is a genuine,good man, and I'll be genuinely sorry for him when he goes under.
Butthat is the way of the world, and then I'll have my fling. My unclehasn't done the best for his land; he has been content to go--not run;there is little running about the dear old boy--in the same groove ashis fathers, but I'm going to cut out a new one.
No; for regularly as the month of April came round, hestarted for the States of America, and England saw no more of him tillwell on in June, by which time the hot weather had driven him home. But he swore by the Yankees; that is, he would have sworn by them, hadhe sworn at all. The Yankees in Mr Broadbent's opinion were far aheadof the English in everything pertaining to the economy of life, and thebest manner of living. He was too much of a John Bull to admit that theAmericans possessed any superiority over this tight little isle, in thematter of either politics or knowledge of warfare.
England always hadbeen, and always would be, mistress of the seas, and master of and overevery country with a foreshore on it.
Why, sir, they beat us in everything frombutton-hook. Look at them as farmers, especially as wheat growers andfruit raisers. They are as far above Englishmen, with their insularprejudices, and insular dread of taking a step forward for fear of goinginto a hole, as a Berkshire steam ploughman is ahead of a Skyeman withhis wooden turf-turner. And look at them at home round their ownfiresides, or look at their houses outside and in, and you will havesome faint notion of what comfort combined with luxury really means. He really had, and it will be seen presentlythat he had, "the courage of his own convictions," to use a hackneyedphrase.
He brought those convictions with him to Burley, and the courage also. Why, in a single year--and a busy, bustling one it had been--the newSquire had worked a revolution about the place. Lucky for him, he had awell-lined purse to begin with, or he could hardly have come to the rootof things, or made such radical reforms as he did. When he first took a look round the farm-steading, he felt puzzled whereto begin first. But he went to work steadily, and kept it up, and it istruly wonderful what an amount of solid usefulness can be effected byeither man or boy, if he has the courage to adopt such a plan.
It was no part of Squire Broadbent's plan to turn away old and faithfulservants. He had to weed them though, and this meant thinning out tosuch an extent that not over many were left.